MODY is a form of diabetes caused by changes in a gene. It is estimated that between 10-15% of diabetic patients in Greenland have MODY. MODY is an English abbreviation for 'Nature Onset Diabetes of the Young'. The disease occurs in most people before the person reaches the age of 25.
Different types of MODY: There are 14 different types of MODY. Where the change in the gene is located, determines what type of MODYyou have. MODY3 (change in the HNF1a gene) is the most common MODY-type in Greenland. In most types of MODY, the body is able to produce insulin, but it does not produce enough.
Heredity: MODY is very hereditary. Half of the children who have a parent or siblings with MODY will also develop the disease. You can also get MODY even if no one in your family has been diagnosed.
How is the diagnosis made? You will have a blood sample taken where your long-term blood sugar is measured.
What are the most common complications of MODY? If your blood sugar is too high for a long period of time, your nerves and blood vessels may be damaged. This can result in vision problems, damage to the kidneys, reduced sense of touch and poor blood circulation with an increased risk of blood clots in the brain and heart.
What can you do for yourself? Smoking increases the risk of secondary diseases. Physical activity has a major effect on the regulation of blood sugar and helps to protect against complications.
What is the medical treatment? Treatment depends on which type of MODY you have. Therefore, it is important that you are re-tested so that the right treatment is started.
Diabetes status: It is very individual how often your diabetes should be controlled, but at least once a year. Blood tests, urine tests and blood pressure should be checked every year. In addition, a foot examination is offered annually and eye examination approximately every 2 years. Controls can prevent your diabetes from getting worse, and can help avoid or delay complications.